Austria

The German name for Austria, Österreich, refers to the meanings “eastern kingdom” or “eastern empire”, and it derives from the word Ostarrîchi, which first appears in the “Ostarrîchi document” of 996. This word is probably a translation of Medieval Latin Marchia orientalis into a local (Bavarian) dialect. It was a prefecture of Bavaria created in 976. The word “Austria” is a Latinisation of the German name and was first recorded in the 12th century.

source: Wikipedia

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